E-ISSN: 2619-9467

Contents    Cover    Publication Date: 08 Jul 2021
Year 2021 - Volume 31 - Issue 2

Open Access

Peer Reviewed

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
145 Viewed9 Downloaded

Menstrual Cycle Characteristics of Healthcare Professionals Working at COVID-19 Pandemic Clinics

  
J Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2021;31(2):60-4
DOI: 10.5336/jcog.2021-82054
Article Language: EN
Copyright Ⓒ 2020 by Türkiye Klinikleri. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
ABSTRACT
Objective: The impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection on the reproductive system is still not known. We aimed to investigate the menstrual characteristics of healthcare professionals employed in the coronavirus disease2019 (COVID-19) clinics and to investigate whether COVID-19 alters the pattern of the menstrual cycle. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 275 healthcare professionals. Results: During the pandemic, 12% of the cases experienced irregular cycles, and 33.8% of the cases reported that their amount of bleeding had changed. Also, 23.6% of the cases had an increase in dysmenorrhea. The ratio of dysmenorrhea, irregular cycle, changes in bleeding time, and amount of bleeding were similar in doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals (p>0.05). Among all cases, 20.4% (n=56) had SARS-CoV-2 infection. The ratio of increase at dysmenorrhea was found to be significantly higher in women who had SARS-CoV-2 infection (35.7% vs 20.5%) (p=0.022; p0.05). Conclusion: The menstrual pattern and cycle length did not change significantly during the pandemic. Also, SARS-CoV-2 infected cases reported a difference in the amount of bleeding and increased dysmenorrhea after infection. This study provides first step to establish whether COVID-19 has an immediate impact on menstrual function.
REFERENCES:
  1. Li R, Yin T, Fang F, Li Q, Chen J, Wang Y, et al. Potential risks of SARS-CoV-2 infection on reproductive health. Reprod Biomed Online. 2020;41(1):89-95. [Crossref]  [PubMed]  [PMC] 
  2. Smith-DiJulio K, Mitchell ES, Woods NF. Concordance of retrospective and prospective reporting of menstrual irregularity by women in the menopausal transition. Climacteric. 2005; 8(4):390-7. [Crossref]  [PubMed]  [PMC] 
  3. Chiu MH, Hsieh HF, Yang YH, Chen HM, Hsu SC, Wang HH. Influencing factors of dysmenorrhoea among hospital nurses: a questionnaire survey in Taiwan. BMJ Open. 2017; 7(12):e017615. [Crossref]  [PubMed]  [PMC] 
  4. Jiang Z, Wang J, Guo X, Feng L, Yu M, Zhou J, et al. Menstrual disorders and occupational exposures among female nurses: A nationwide cross-sectional study. Int J Nurs Stud. 2019;95:49-55. [Crossref]  [PubMed] 
  5. Lawson CC, Johnson CY, Chavarro JE, Lividoti Hibert EN, Whelan EA, Rocheleau CM, et al. Work schedule and physically demanding work in relation to menstrual function: the Nurses' Health Study 3. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2015;41(2):194-203. [Crossref]  [PubMed] 
  6. Solomon CG, Hu FB, Dunaif A, Rich-Edwards JE, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, et al. Menstrual cycle irregularity and risk for future cardiovascular disease. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002;87(5):2013-7. [Crossref]  [PubMed] 
  7. Cirillo PM, Wang ET, Cedars MI, Chen LM, Cohn BA. Irregular menses predicts ovarian cancer: Prospective evidence from the Child Health and Development Studies. Int J Cancer. 2016;139(5):1009-17. [Crossref]  [PubMed]  [PMC] 
  8. Kang W, Jang KH, Lim HM, Ahn JS, Park WJ. The menstrual cycle associated with insomnia in newly employed nurses performing shift work: a 12-month follow-up study. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2019;92(2):227-35. [Crossref]  [PubMed] 
  9. Mahoney MM. Shift work, jet lag, and female reproduction. Int J Endocrinol. 2010;2010: 813764. [Crossref]  [PubMed]  [PMC] 
  10. Chung FF, Yao CC, Wan GH. The associations between menstrual function and life style/working conditions among nurses in Taiwan. J Occup Health. 2005;47(2):149-56. [Crossref]  [PubMed] 
  11. Wan GH, Chung FF. Working conditions associated with ovarian cycle in a medical center nurses: a Taiwan study. Jpn J Nurs Sci. 2012;9(1):112-8. [Crossref]  [PubMed] 
  12. Lawson CC, Whelan EA, Lividoti Hibert EN, Spiegelman D, Schernhammer ES, Rich-Edwards JW. Rotating shift work and menstrual cycle characteristics. Epidemiology. 2011; 22(3):305-12. [Crossref]  [PubMed]  [PMC] 
  13. Albert-Sabater JA, Martínez JM, Baste V, Moen BE, Ronda-Perez E. Comparison of menstrual disorders in hospital nursing staff according to shift work pattern. J Clin Nurs. 2016;25(21-22):3291-9. [Crossref]  [PubMed] 
  14. Moen BE, Baste V, Morken T, Alsaker K, Pallesen S, Bjorvatn B. Menstrual characteristics and night work among nurses. Ind Health. 2015;53(4):354-60. [Crossref]  [PubMed]  [PMC] 
  15. Koo M, Chen CH, Tsai KW, Lu MC, Lin SC. Ambulatory medical services utilization for menstrual disorders among female personnel of different medical professions in Taiwan: a nationwide retrospective cohort study. BMC Womens Health. 2015;15:66. [Crossref]  [PubMed]  [PMC] 
  16. Chiu MH, Wang HH, Hsu SC, Liu IP. Dysmenorrhoea and self-care behaviours among hospital nurses: a questionnaire survey. J Clin Nurs. 2013;22(21-22):3130-40. [Crossref]  [PubMed] 
  17. Chuamoor K, Kaewmanee K, Tanmahasamut P. Dysmenorrhea among Siriraj nurses; prevalence, quality of life, and knowledge of management. J Med Assoc Thai. 2012;95(8): 983-91. [PubMed] 
  18. Smeitink J, Jiang X, Pecheritsyna S, Renkema H, van Maanen R, Beyrath J. Hypothesis: mPGES-1-Derived Prostaglandin E2, a So Far Missing Link in COVID-19 Pathophysiology? 2020. [Crossref]