Prevalence of Anemia: Figures at the Time of Pregnancy Detection in Our Hospital
Received: 23 Jul 2020 | Received in revised form: 05 Oct 2020
Accepted: 11 Nov 2020 | Available online: 24 Dec 2020
J Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2020;30(4):141-5
Article Language: EN
Copyright Ⓒ 2020 by Türkiye Klinikleri. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of anemia in pregnant women at the time of pregnancy detection. Material and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 11582 women who had diagnosis of pregnancy between 2012 and 2019. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the hemoglobin (Hb) levels of patients by their age. Pregnant women ≤19 years of age were defined as Group 1, 20-34 years of age as Group 2, and ≥35 years of age as Group 3. Anemia was defined as a hemoglobin level of <11 g/dL. Results: The overall prevalence of anemia at the time of pregnancy diagnosis was 21.95%. The average Hb level was 11.7±1.4 g/dL, 12±1.4 g/dL, 12±1.4 g/dL, and 11.9±1.4 g/dL in Groups 1, 2, 3, and entire study cohort, respectively. When severity of anemia was evaluated within the groups; Group 1 consists of 21.96% (n:181) mild anemia, 4.73% (n:39) moderate anemia, and 1.69% (n:14) severe anemia, Group 2 consists of 16.33% (n:1459) mild anemia, 4.44% (n:397) moderate anemia, and 0.67% (n:60) severe anemia, and Group 3 consists of 16.83% (n:307) mild anemia, 4.05% (n:74) moderate anemia, and 0.65% (n:12) severe anemia cases. Conclusion: The prevalence of anemia during pregnancy was different in age groups. Therefore, each clinic should divide its pregnant women into different age groups and evaluate the frequency of anemia.