Prevalence of Anemia: Figures at the Time of Pregnancy Detection in Our Hospital
Received: 23 Jul 2020 | Received in revised form: 05 Oct 2020 Accepted: 11 Nov 2020 | Available online: 24 Dec 2020
Mehmet Ferdi KINCIa, Ezgi KARAKAŞ PASKALb, Ercan SARUHANc, Ahmet Akın SİVASLIOĞLUa aDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University Training and Research Hospital, Muğla, TURKEY bDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Başakşehir Çam ve Sakura City Hospital, İstanbul, TURKEY cDepartment of Medical Biochemistry, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, Faculty of Medicine, Muğla, TURKEY
ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of anemia in pregnant women at the time of pregnancy detection. Material and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 11582 women who had diagnosis of pregnancy between 2012 and 2019. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the hemoglobin (Hb) levels of patients by their age. Pregnant women ≤19 years of age were defined as Group 1, 20-34 years of age as Group 2, and ≥35 years of age as Group 3. Anemia was defined as a hemoglobin level of <11 g/dL. Results: The overall prevalence of anemia at the time of pregnancy diagnosis was 21.95%. The average Hb level was 11.7±1.4 g/dL, 12±1.4 g/dL, 12±1.4 g/dL, and 11.9±1.4 g/dL in Groups 1, 2, 3, and entire study cohort, respectively. When severity of anemia was evaluated within the groups; Group 1 consists of 21.96% (n:181) mild anemia, 4.73% (n:39) moderate anemia, and 1.69% (n:14) severe anemia, Group 2 consists of 16.33% (n:1459) mild anemia, 4.44% (n:397) moderate anemia, and 0.67% (n:60) severe anemia, and Group 3 consists of 16.83% (n:307) mild anemia, 4.05% (n:74) moderate anemia, and 0.65% (n:12) severe anemia cases. Conclusion: The prevalence of anemia during pregnancy was different in age groups. Therefore, each clinic should divide its pregnant women into different age groups and evaluate the frequency of anemia.
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